LGBT hate crimes increase, FBI reports
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Since President Donald Trump took office, hate crimes have increased by 17 percent nationally in 2017 and 5 percent among LGBT people compared with the previous year, according to the new hate crime statistics report by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
The nation's law enforcement agencies disclosed November 13 that there were 7,175 bias crimes reported to the Uniform Crime Reporting program last year, as compared to 2016, in which 6,121 people were victims of hate crimes.
The number of law enforcement agencies reporting hate crime data did increase in 2017 from the previous year — with approximately 1,000 additional agencies contributing information, according to a news release by the FBI.
For 2017, of the 7,175 bias crimes reported, 1,130 were based on sexual orientation bias and 119 on gender identity bias, according to the FBI report. These numbers reflect a 5 percent increase in reporting of hate crimes motivated by sexual orientation bias, and a 4 percent decrease in reporting of hate crimes motivated by gender identity bias, according to a news release from the Human Rights Campaign.
"However, of incidents reported that were motivated by gender identity bias, 106 targeted transgender people, representing a 1 percent increase from 2016," HRC stated in its release. "The overall decrease in reported hate crimes motivated by gender identity bias in 2017 is largely due to a 31 percent decrease in incidents targeting gender-nonconforming people."
LGBT advocates were critical of the Trump administration.
"One thing I can say is that hate crime statistics are challenging. So few hate crimes are reported to the police and the definition of a hate crime is based on an ever diminishing set of criteria," Rebecca Rolfe, executive director of the San Francisco LGBT Community Center, told the Bay Area Reporter. "From the FBI reporting, it is difficult to understand what is happening in our community. From what we know, hate crimes are increasing. That's from what people are sharing about their own experiences."
National advocates were not surprised by the numbers.
"These numbers are disappointing, but not surprising. The Trump administration's divisive rhetoric and discriminatory policies fuel the flames of bigotry and acts of hatred throughout our country. The FBI's hate crimes report is merely the thermometer — telling us that the temperature of hate and intolerance in America is spiking to sweltering levels. Sadly, we can trace the source of this heat directly back to 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue," Vanita Gupta, president and CEO of the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, said in a news release.
"Hate has no place anywhere in our country. Most alarming, this report captures only a fraction of the problem. The federal government must improve their hate crime data collection to accurately represent this country's epidemic of hate," Gupta added.
Rolfe attributed the increase to "permission" from leaders such as Trump.
"The rise in hate-based language and the permission coming from our national leaders around hate violence and hateful speech that leads to hateful conduct," she said.
The 2017 hate crime statistics also show that victims who saw the highest increase of hate crimes against them were disabled individuals, with an increase of 39.65 percent. Hate crimes motivated by bias against gender increased by 16.66 percent and motivated by religion bias increased by 18.60 percent. Anti-religion based hate crimes remain the second highest category in 2017, as it was in 2016.
Bias-motivated crimes based on race, religion, disability, and gender all increased. The FBI reported that anti-black hate crimes increased by 32.60 percent, from 1,739 incidents in 2016 to 2,013 incidents in 2017. Hate crimes targeting black people represented 28 percent of all reported hate crimes in 2017. Every other racial and ethnic group also saw increases in the number of reported hate crimes.
Hate crimes relating to someone's race, ethnicity, or ancestry are still the most common, with the highest number of individuals in this category both in 2016 and 2017 (59.6 percent). This category saw an increase of 15.54 percent from 2016 to 2017 with anti-Arab increasing by 50 percent and anti-Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander motivated hate crimes increasing by 43.75 percent. A 38.64 percent increase was shown in anti-American Indian hate crimes and anti-Asian hate crimes increased by 13.74 percent. Crimes motivated by anti-Hispanic and Latino bias increased by 19.43 percent.
San Francisco District Attorney George Gascón criticized Trump for the rise in hate crimes in the U.S.
"America's elected president has mocked the disabled, called Mexicans rapists and murderers, executed a Muslim travel ban, issued disparaging remarks about women and African-Americans, and is working to roll back protections for members of our transgender community," Gascón said in a news release. "The country's increase in hate crimes should be a surprise to no one, but it should be alarming to all. We look to our elected leaders to set an example. They're on television and in the news, and our children perceive them as role models. The President's campaign of fear has emboldened hate and a growing white nationalist movement that is responsible for far more domestic attacks than any international terror group."
Rolfe mentioned some things that could mitigate hate crimes.
"Awareness of the fact that hate language is happening and even here in the Bay Area, which has previously been seen as a safe space from hate violence," she said. "The most extreme levels of violence, occurrence at a higher frequency, and starting at a younger age is most prevalent in transgender, low-income, women, people of color, and people who have been homeless."
As previously reported by the B.A.R., hate crimes in San Francisco and California rose for the third year in a row, according to annual reports released by state Attorney General Xavier Becerra in July. The reports show that hate crime incidents in San Francisco rose by 30.5 percent and increased by 17.4 percent in the state.
Incidents motivated by sexual orientation bias — real or perceived — increased by 18.8 percent in California, more than race motivated hate incidents, which rose by 16 percent. Anti-transgender and anti-gender-nonconforming hate crimes also saw an increase of 7 percent.
The statistics alarmed many local and statewide LGBT officials, some of whom blamed the exclusionary, anti-immigration and anti-minority rhetoric coming from Trump and his administration.
In San Francisco, Sneh Rao, a gay man who's director of policy for the San Francisco Human Rights Commission, previously spoke to the B.A.R. about how the White House's rhetoric is impacting communities across the nation.
"It is hard not to view this sharp increase in violence as connected to the Trump administration's discourse and policies against minority groups, particularly Latinx, Muslim, and LGBTQ communities," Rao wrote in an email. "I worry that the administration's rhetoric helps to normalize discrimination and embolden perpetrators of hate violence, both in our state and across the country."