Gay lawmaker wants audit of California's LGBTQ data collection efforts
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A gay state lawmaker wants an audit of California's LGBTQ data collection efforts as health officials continue to drag their feet on asking people what their sexual orientation is when they test for COVID-19.
Meanwhile, San Francisco officials are working to improve their SOGI data collection through its testing sites.
Senator Scott Wiener (D-San Francisco) told the Bay Area Reporter Thursday that he plans to send a legislative audit request to the Joint Legislative Audit Committee in order to examine how state health officials are collecting not only sexual orientation but also gender identity demographic data. Since 2018, a number of California departments and agencies focused on health care and social services were to be collecting SOGI data after lawmakers enacted several pieces of legislation requiring that they do so.
With the Legislature in recess until January 4, it will not be until sometime in 2021 that such an audit could be conducted. It was announced December 14 that newly seated gay state Senator John Laird (D-Santa Cruz) will be vice chair of the committee that oversees audits.
"It is not a short-term solution, but it is the one tool we have," said Wiener. "We need to continue to be very loud about this failure. It is not rocket science."
Wiener also this week sent a letter to the state's health department calling on it to direct "all testing sites, regardless of whether they are state-sponsored," to collect the SOGI data and for the agency to begin publishing it. He told the B.A.R. he also plans to bring up the issue with Dr. Tomás Aragón, San Francisco's health officer who was recently named by Governor Gavin Newsom as the new director of the California Department of Public Health.
"I have been tested multiple times and I am asked about gender identity and not sexual orientation," noted Wiener.
At the onset of the health crisis in March, CDPH was not collecting SOGI data among those infected with the coronavirus. For months Wiener and other LGBTQ advocates had called on health leaders to start asking people being tested for the virus if they are members of the LGBTQ community.
Without such information, it is unknown what the impact of the pandemic has been on the state's LGBTQ residents, many of whom have comorbidities that put them at greater risk should they become infected with the coronavirus. Fed up with the lack of action, Wiener authored a bill to require the SOGI data be collected.
Lag in implementing bill
Governor Gavin Newsom signed the bill into law in September, and it was to have immediately taken effect. But as the Bay Area Reporter first reported in November, state and local health officials have not interpreted the law or regulations instituted in July by Dr. Mark Ghaly, the secretary of the California Health and Human Services Agency, to mean they need to ask everyone getting tested for COVID-19 the SOGI questions.
People seeking tests via the city of San Francisco, for instance, are not asked about their sexual orientation when they make an appointment. They are asked about their gender identity and can choose such options as "Trans Female," "Trans Male," or "Genderqueer/Gender Nonbinary."
Clair Farley, a trans woman who is the director of the Mayor's Office of Transgender Initiatives, had told the B.A.R. it was the city's understanding that both the regulations and Senate Bill 932 only mandate reporting SOGI data for positive test results. She added that the city's health department was ascertaining the sexual orientation of people who test positive for COVID-19 via contact tracing.
A few jurisdictions, such as Monterey County, are asking the SOGI questions of people when they get a COVID-19 test. But most of the state's major metropolitan areas are not, noted Wiener.
"I will be honest, it is horrifying San Francisco isn't implementing it, of all places," Wiener told the B.A.R. "I think it is random. Some providers are asking it and others aren't. CDPH doesn't appear to be doing anything to ensure consistency."
On Friday, December 11, Farley told the B.A.R. that her office has been working with the city's Department of Public Health to update its SOGI data collection at testing sites and expects that the sexual orientation questions will be added to the demographic information people are asked to provide.
"Since the end of April the SFDPH has been collecting sexual orientation and gender identity during contract tracing. We are working with the department and our city sponsored testing provider, Color, to expand the data requested at the time of testing or during registration," stated Farley. "We have received a commitment that sexual orientation will be added by the provider."
Wiener expressed his frustrations about the lack of LGBTQ COVID information in a letter he sent December 8 to Dr. Erica Pan, the acting director of the state health agency. And he demanded she take immediate steps to fully implement his legislation, SB 932.
"We are now more than two months after SB 932 became the law, and as far as we can tell, CDPH has not made public any SOGI data around COVID-19. Indeed, based on my own personal experience and numerous reports from others, major COVID-19 testing sites are not collecting this data at all," wrote Wiener. "SB 932 requires that all healthcare providers testing for COVID-19 collect this data. Yet, CDPH does not appear to have ensured that data collection, let alone publish it."
He stressed how there are "life or death consequences" when health officials and state leaders are blind to how a disease is impacting various demographic groups.
"It is only because of data that we know, for example, that COVID is killing Black people at outrageous rates and that our Latinx communities have very high infection rates. And, it is only because of data collection that we understand COVID's impacts on different age groups," wrote Wiener. "Yet, COVID's impacts on LGBTQ people are largely invisible due to the lack of data collection. We introduced and passed SB 932 to stop the erasure of the LGBTQ community. Yet, without strong implementation of this legal requirement by CDPH, that erasure will continue, and the law will be a dead letter."
Wiener also pointed out that "time is of the essence" as COVID cases and hospitalizations are surging across California, leading to counties again ordering their residents to remain at home as much as possible, curtail social gatherings even outdoors, and cancel any plans to spend the holidays with family or friends outside of their households.
"Every day without this data collection, particularly during the current surge, means that tens of thousands of COVID tests will lack this information. And as California formulates its vaccine distribution plan — a plan based on data around risk levels — the LGBTQ community will be left out entirely," wrote Wiener.
Farley told the B.A.R. that San Francisco leaders support Wiener's calling on state public health officials to improve the collection of SOGI data statewide.
"We join Senator Wiener in calling on the state to provide additional guidance and support so that all testing sites are consistently collecting this vital data," she stated. "This will help assure our community gets access to the resources we need since we know that LGBTQ community already experiences disproportionate rates of pre-existing conditions, homelessness and poverty."
That is why, Farley stressed, "collecting comprehensive data is essential in supporting all of our communities most impacted by the pandemic including our LGBTQ residents. We are continuing to work on expanding these efforts."
When asked by the B.A.R. last month about the issues surrounding implementation of SB 932, Ghaly noted the order was still "fairly new" and promised to look into the issue.
"I'm always interested to hear from those who have to put into practice some of these changes, what the difficulties are, whether there is a reason it's delayed, that at the state level or the local level we can intervene and support," he said. "So I will highlight we are getting more and more of the sexual orientation-gender identity data attached to our cases. Of course, there's going to be some entities we know that don't put into practice the expectations and those are all worth following up."
UPDATED 12/11/2020 with comments from San Francisco's director of the Mayor's Office of Transgender Initiatives.
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